From French pop to Norwegian folk, Gypsy music to fado, Europe is a melting pot whose folk and pop music reflects alternating trends of isolation and contact. The music of southern Europe is a vast body of work shaped by centuries of invasion, conquest and retreat. No folk music has remained untouched by this region's rich and complex history. Hear the Moorish and Gypsy influences in the flamenco guitar of Carlos Montoya, or thrill to Amalia Rodrigues' passionate fado singing, Portugal's African-derived folk form. Europe and the Mediterranean play host to a diverse range of pop musicians and their regional influences, helping to enliven and transform the face of international rock, pop and hip-hop.